Published on June 25th, 2012 | by Grant Barnard5
Choice of Ladder
What Ladder should I choose?
There are many considerations to choosing the right ladder. We have been asked many times, ” What ladder do I need?”. It comes down to a few topics: Weight Rating, Type of Ladder, Height of Ladder (working height), and Comfort of the Ladder.
The absolute best option is to always follow OSHA Regulations. Although the regulations only apply to for-profit business ventures, it is always good practice to follow the regulations if you care about your safety. You can check an OSHA publication at here.
Do’s and Don’ts of Ladder Usage
DO wear strong working shoes when working on a ladder.
DON’T ever climb in bare feet or wearing flip flops or sandals. Always check your feet before you climb and make sure your shoe bottoms are clean and dry.
DO climb ladders with both hands on the stiles.
DON’T carry tools or materials up the ladder when you are climbing. Wear a tool belt or use a line attached to a tool bucket to raise your tools once you’re up.
DO hang onto the ladder with one hand while working at the top. You can get specially designed trays that attach to the ladder to hold paint cans or tools.
DO keep you body in between the ladder stiles.
DON’T stretch too far out to one side or stand on one foot to give yourself a few extra inches of reach.
DO climb down and move the ladder if you can’t reach. It’s frustrating and tiring but it’s the only safe way.
Always be sure to make sure that the weight rating of your ladder always is much more than the stress that you will be putting on the ladder. Always count your weight + 8 Lbs. for clothing + up to 25 Lbs for equipment and paint. Make sure that you are no more than
Type of Ladder
The type of ladder should always follow the job. Some ladders are only for interior work such as step ladder. Some ladders are almost always for exterior work and should never be used on carpet. All ladders are typed by OSHA and should be used appropriately.
|Ladder Type||Maximum Length||Special Requirements|
|Single Section Ladder||30′||The minimum width between side rails of a straight ladder or any section of an extension ladder should be 12 inches.|
|Extension LaddersTwo-sectionGreater than 2-SECTION||48’60’||The length of single ladders or individual sections of ladders should not exceed 30 feet. Two-section ladders must not exceed 48 ft. in length, and ladders of more than two sections must not exceed 60 ft. in length. Overlap stops required.|
|Stepladders||20′||Insulating, nonslip pads at bottom of rails. Must have locking device to hold ladder sections open.|
|Ladder Type||Duty Rating||Description|
|Type 1AA Ladder||375 lb.||Extra-heavy-duty industrial ladder|
|Type 1A Ladder||300 lb.||Heavy-duty industrial ladder|
|Type 1 Ladder||250 lb.||Heavy-duty industrial ladder|
|Type 2 Ladder||225 lb.||Medium-duty commercial ladder|
|Type 3 Ladder||200 lb.||Light-duty household ladder|
Comfort of Ladder
Now we can all agree that comfort is important. Especially if you will be spending many hours on the ladder. Sometimes comfort means does it have all the accessories that you will need such as a hook to hold your paint can or slots for a screw gun. We use mostly type 1A because it is a fiberglass ladder and fiberglass ladders are tough to move around but the edges are rounded unlike any aluminum extension ladder. For some Comfort may mean ease of moving the ladder and then an aluminum ladder should be used. Except if you are anywhere close to electric lines, a fiberglass ladder should always be used with no exceptions. Nobody wants to be a lighting rod and the fiberglass ladder allows for you to be NOT grounded. That is why you see Comcast guys with only fiberglass ladders. Although they are not electricians they still only use fiberglass ladders.
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Grant’s Painting offers Interior and Exterior Service in the Residential Painting Services area.